Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (including ASD) are often prescribed psychotropic medication to treat behaviors such as aggression and self-injury. Evaluation of these medications is often based on caregiver report or changes in frequency of behavior. However, focusing on changes in frequency, intensity, duration, topography, or function of problem behavior should instead be used as indications of medication effectiveness and ineffectiveness. By carefully tracking the various dimensions of behavior, members of the care team are in a better position to determine when/if it is time to modify medication regimens.
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